The Arctic Sea ice is melting at an alarming rate. The implications for the planet are substantial, and it’s clear that we need to take action now. This blog post will explore how you can get involved with grassroots activism and what you can do in your daily life to help slow down this process.
Why Is The Arctic Sea Ice Melting?
For the past few decades, the globe’s temperature has been increasing at an alarming rate.
The arctic sea ice retreats and expands every year. The extent of the retreat has been unprecedented in past years. It is a serious issue because many people use the arctic for travel. The reduced amount of coverage in the arctic also affects animals that have to live there. Some animals don’t have enough food to survive. The sea ice coverage also is necessary for mammals and fish to reproduce in large numbers.
The long-term temperature rise is expanding waters, melting ice caps and glaciers more rapidly than before. As the condition worsens, scientists have expended their efforts to assess the damage if the arctic is getting hotter.
In this interest, a team of environmental researchers from the National Oceanic and Atmosphere Administration released a report about the Arctic pole on Tuesday. NOAA, including 133 researchers from 15 different countries, has worked for the last 15 years under a US governmental agency’s supervision.
What is The Arctic Sea Ice Report Card?
The report entitled Arctic Report Card 2020 revealed how climate change had transformed the North region into a land that can heat up to 100 degrees.
According to the study, the North pole is heating twice as fast as the rest of the Earth. Today’s Arctic is much hotter, less frozen, and greener than 15 years ago.
- Researchers found that the region is heating rapidly due to hot rock, mantle plumes emerging from the Greenland center melting the ice.
- Due to rising heat, almost half of the ice is gone in the Arctic pole.
According to Serreze, the National Snow and Ice Data Center director, when they released the first report in 2006, the Arctic was getting around a “C-minus,” and its temperature rose slowly. In 2007, just a year later, the rate at which ice was going away broke its previous record. In simpler words,2007 was the start of the “new Arctic.”
While 2020 is recorded as its second-lowest arctic sea ice level at the end of the melting season, it has a 4-degree increase than 1981 -2010. He said this year proved to be the second hottest year for the Arctic since 1900.
After the report’s release, the director of NOAA in Boulder, Bolo, said that the Arctic is losing its ice and soul more quickly than our estimation. Bolo also blamed the human for climate extremes and record-low ice in the Arctic.
Indeed, human activities are becoming a threat to ice caps and glaciers. Increased greenhouse emissions resulting from human activities such as fossil fuels, gas, and coal have destroyed the ecosystem and wildlife population.
The arctic sea ice has not been this low since we began taking measurements around 1979. Before then, satellite observations were not as expected or precise, so they can’t be used to compare right now. The lowest extents of summertime sea ice were recorded on August 26th, 2012, when it fell below 3,500,000 square kilometers (1,400,000 sq mi). This is about 800,000 more square kilometers than scientists thought was the record low extent set by 2007. But given how much lower this is compared to past years, it still ties with 2007 for the second-lowest summertime sea ice extent.
How Does Science Measure Sea Ice Melt?
Satellites are the primary way that scientists measure sea ice coverage.
They have to wait for long periods until specific alignments occur, then they can take pictures of what’s going on in the arctic region. Satellite images aren’t always clear when there is a haze or clouds in the area, so some people don’t give them much credit because they often can’t see anything. But if you zoom in close enough, you can see the difference between where the clouds and hazes are blocking out space and where there is no obstruction.
The other tool used to gauge arctic sea ice coverage is buoyed, like underwater weather stations; they record temperatures and air pressure. They send information back to land so it can be recorded and analyzed by scientists. Buoys are a lot harder to monitor because they are deep underwater.
The arctic sea ice extent is not the only thing decreasing in recent years, though. The thickness of the ice has also been declining. So, there’s less ice out there to cover up the surface area, but uncovered ocean water is what we have seen more of than ever before. Ice reflects light well, which helps keep the arctic colder than other regions without the reflective characteristics provided by the ice coverage.
How is Science Trying to Stop Sea Ice Melt?
Currently, people are finding ways to use Earth’s natural features (land and ocean) to help reduce the number of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. For example, this incredible invention called ‘Ocean Spiral’ aims to reduce CO2 levels by using deep water currents!
The Ocean Spiral is a large pipe that descends into the depths of our oceans. As it goes deeper and deeper into the water, it cools down before joining with other lines, which transfer cold concentrated seawater up to shallower waters where the algae grow. In turn, these algae absorb carbon dioxide from seawater while producing oxygen as a waste product! Two men from Norway created the design: Stig Karlsen and Sigbjørn Wollan.
The Ocean Spiral has been tested at the Institute of Marine Research in Bergen, Norway! It was tested with closed-circuit cameras that send pictures back to researchers from the depths of the ocean!
There is also another fantastic invention called ‘Ocean Arks International. This installation will be used on land and underwater to help reduce CO2 levels! As stated on their website (link below), “it’s an idea whose time has come.” The installation “forestalls climate change by restoring carbon to where it belongs; into the soil.” So basically, it does the opposite of what most people are trying to do – it takes CO2 from the air and turns it into soil! It is an attempt at creating a “carbon negative cycle.”
With these new projects, we are stepping away from using energy that harms our planet to help us change how we use energy for good! We aren’t on the right track yet, but I’m sure one day soon, we’ll find a way! As the Earth becomes warmer and warmer due to climate change and greenhouse gases, new ideas like this will need to keep popping up so that maybe one day we’ll have enough of them that they work! People should try to do whatever they can to ensure that these incredible ideas get put into action.
Few places on Earth will be untouched by climate change – but there are still things that can be done to help slow down its effects! It’s time to take action now if you want your children and grandchildren to know what an ‘arctic’ looks like. Share these resources with family and friends to better inform them about the impacts of global warming in the world’s coldest region.
Ultimately, every person in their capacity should work and contribute towards decreasing the emission of anti-atmospheric gases. Together, we should work to save our home, our Earth.