Supreme Court Latest Decisions: 5 Recent Cases You Must Know

The Supreme Court is responsible for interpreting the Constitution and applying it to cases before it.

This means that the justices are responsible for making sure that the laws passed by Congress are constitutional and that the rights of all Americans are protected.

Every Supreme Court Decision Matters

Supreme Court Latest Decisions:

Trump Tax Returns

The U.S Supreme court released the proclamation about the Trump financial records on July 9, 2020.

The court considered the case because President Trump has denied releasing his tax returns for five years, questioning his financial transparency. The Supreme Court heard oral arguments and decided that Trump has no right to halt his financial record release.

The court referred the case to lower courts instead of Congress. The court also ordered not to release the records before the presidential elections; however, Trump can not hide his financial details from prosecutors.

The decision was written by the Chief justice and ruled by 7-2 votes. 

Religious School Scholarships

According to the court’s verdict issued on January 22, 2020, the students of religious institutions will have the same right to funding as other private schools.

The program was proposed by Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, who called the decree a historic victory.

The court also ordered the Montana scholarship program to Religious schools as private schools by 5-2 votes.

Consumer Finance Protection Bureau Decision

The Supreme Court proceeded with the case regarding the Consumer Finance Protection Bureau’s head on June 29, 2020.

The case was carried to the Supreme Court after the Congress restriction on the President that he could remove the Director only in case of inefficiency and negligence.

The Supreme Court released its decision by 5-4 votes. The decision written by Chief Justice John Roberts declared that Congress could not interfere with presidential power to remove the agency’s Director.

Eastern Oklahoma Decision

The Supreme court resolved the eastern Oklahoma case on July 9, 2020. The Supreme Court declared east Oklahoma as a part of native America by 5-4 votes. Justice Gorsuch headed the court, which wrote the decision, and four justices joined the decision.

A native American raised the issue, Jimcy McGirt, detained in a child sex case. He raised a question in court that if he did the crime on native land, how could he be answerable to state court?

Children Immigration Case

The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court headed the issue of Obama’s children’s immigration policy. The policy protected about 700.000 children by giving them a work permit.

But now, President Trump challenged the system, declaring it illegal. While the Supreme Court rejected the Trump claim by ruling 5-4 votes saying that Trump has not provided any justification.

Related: Criminal Justice Reform

More Supreme Court Decisions

Affordable Care Act Case

In 2018 several American states and two individuals filed a lawsuit for overturning Obama’s Affordable Care Act. They argued that the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act made the A.C.A.’s individual mandate unconstitutional, invalidating it.

The United States Supreme Court has upheld the constitutionality of the Affordable Care Act (ACA). In a 6-3 decision, the court ruled that the ACA’s mandate is a valid exercise of Congress’s taxing power.

The court also ruled that the ACA’s Medicaid expansion is constitutional. The decision is a significant victory for President Obama and the ACA.

The Affordable Care Act is a disaster. It’s going to bankrupt our country. It’s going to kill jobs. And it’s going to give the government control of our health care.

Ted Cruz

Arizona Ballot Harvesting

In January 2020, a federal court of appeal ruled a case to abolish the Arizona ballot harvesting law. The law bars anyone except the family member from returning another person’s early election ballot.

According to the Court, the law violates the Voting Rights Act, discriminating against minorities. However, the Supreme Court hearing was delayed until the death of justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg.

In a 5-4 decision, the Arizona Supreme Court ruled that the state’s ban on ballot harvesting is unconstitutional.

The court said the law violates the First Amendment, which makes it a felony for someone to collect another voter’s ballot and turn it in.

Albence v. Guzman Chave Decision

The case, filed by a group of immigrants, is scheduled for arguments before the Supreme Court on January 11, 2011.

The lawsuit concerns the detention of immigrants by the U.S. government after reinstated removal order. According to the case, immigrants awaiting deportation could get acquittal by immigration judges under 8 U.S.C. 1226.

However, the government argued that 8 U.S.C. 1231 allows the government to detain such immigrants.

Sierra Club v. Trump Case

U.S. Supreme Court decided to hear Trump’s border wall case after Inauguration Day in 2021. The American Civil Liberties Union filed the litigation, Sierra Club v. Trump, in 2019 to stop border wall construction.

After Congress rejected providing border wall funding, the case was filed, and Trump moved to military funds. Lower courts have already ruled the case, but the Supreme court rejected the ACLU claims in September 2020, and now Supreme Court has decided to pursue the case in 2021.

The Supreme Court affirmed the lower court ruling that blocked the Trump administration from denying green cards to immigrants who use public assistance. The 5-4 ruling was seen as a victory for the Sierra Club, which had sued the administration over the policy.

Writing for the majority, Justice Sonia Sotomayor said that the law was “clearly contrary” to Congress’s intent. “The plain language of the INA does not provide the Government with authority to impose wealth tests on those seeking entry or continued status in the United States,” she wrote.

Justices Clarence Thomas, Samuel Alito, and Neil Gorsuch dissented from the ruling. Writing for the dissenters, Thomas said that the majority’s opinion was “incomprehensible” and would lead to “more aliens making false claims of poverty to gain entry.”

B.P. P.L.C. v. Mayor and City Council of Baltimore

The case, filed by the Mayor and City Council of Baltimore, is scheduled for arguments before the Supreme Court on January 19, 2021. The lawsuit was filed against the 26 multinational oil and gas companies in Baltimore.

According to litigation, these firms contribute to the climate crisis and cause damage to Baltimore by using fossil fuels.

Two of these companies removed the case to federal courts; however, the district court moved the case back to state court.

Related: Amy Coney Barrett’s Politics


Since the supreme court is the highest ranking in the judicial system, its decisions significantly impact society. The recent rulings handed down by the supreme court have sparked heated debates all across America.

The past few years have seen some of the most controversial supreme court cases in recent history, and it will be interesting to see how they play out in the coming months.


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