There are female politicians in every country in the world. Whether they’re female members of parliament, female presidents, or female prime ministers, these women have been making a difference for their countries and the rest of the world. In this article, we will look at some of these female leaders from around the globe and provide you with a female politicians list, including their achievements.
Female politicians list: history
There were at one point 52 female presidents and prime ministers around the world. This was more than ever before in history. The first country to have a female president was Sri Lanka, with Sirimavo Bandaranaike taking over as leader of her party following her husband’s assassination in September 1960. She won the election later that year, making her the fourth woman elected into an executive office at any level (national or international).
In 1961 she became prime minister and President; this made her Ceylon/Sri Lanka’s first female head-of-state and’s second after Soong Ching-ling had become Vice President of China earlier that year. Since then, there has been rapid progress towards equality for female politicians. In 1979, Elisabeth Domitien became the first female prime minister of Congo-Brazzaville. In 1990 she was also elected as President, making her both Prime Minister and President until 1991 when she resigned from office.
In 1993 Sirimavo Bandaranaike took over as leader of Sri Lanka for a second time following the assassination of then-president Ranasinghe Premadasa in May. She remained in this role until 1994, when Chandrika Kumaratunga stood against her to be re-elected but lost out by less than 100 votes. However, two years later, Kumaratunga did become president, winning elections with an overall majority vote. This made it four consecutive terms being held consecutively by women within the Sri Lankan government.
In 2000 Mireya Elisa Moscoso Rodríguez became Panama’s first female president following the 1999 election, which led to her being voted in for a four-year term. This made it three consecutive terms held by women within this country; most recently, Balbina Herrera took over as president from 2009 until 2014 after Ricardo Martinelli had resigned, leaving him no choice but to step down. In 2005 Ellen Johnson Sirleaf replaced Charles Taylor as president of Liberia through elections leading to six years serving consecutively.
She was re-elected again in 2011 and then won another vote just last month (October 2015). She has now become Africa’s first elected female head state who is also currently serving. In 2009 President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner became Argentina’s first elected female president but didn’t complete her term as she stepped down in December 2015 following a public outcry over high inflation, crime and corruption within the Argentine government .
In 2011 Ameenah Gurib-Fakim took office as Mauritius’s first female head of state after winning an election for this role that same year, making it five consecutive years with women leaders at the national level – although most recently, Ramkalawan was voted into power which means no change from men to women until 2016 when Xavier-Luc Duval is set to take over. However, one country not included on our female politicians list has been Bangladesh, which since 1991 has had three Prime Ministers, all of them being women starting with Khaleda Zia.
Despite this, none have taken over as President, which means that current Sheikh Hasina is the only female politician within Bangladesh who has yet to reach their executive level.
The year (2015) saw several new names elected into office such as Ameenah Gurib-Fakim in Mauritius and Sandra Torres de Colom in Guatemala . Recent news reports suggest that Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner will be attempting her second run for the presidency again during elections next month – making it three years consecutively, including 2015, where she’s expected to win by a landslide vote. Too! In 2016 we can also expect Helena Vondráčková become Prime Minister of Slovakia when she takes over from Robert Fico after he steps down due to pressure from protests last year.
In the past decade, we had seen a significant change in how female politicians are perceived and treated compared with previous years, particularly under communist regimes when women were often restricted in what they could do or achieve within their government role. This list is by no means extensive but does highlight some of the leading ladies who have impacted politics throughout history – both positive and negative .
Current female politicians list in America:
– Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY)
– Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass)
– Barbara Boxer (D-Calif)
– Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif)
– Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif)
– Olympia Snowe (R – Maine)
– Kay Bailey Hutchison (R – Texas)
– Sarah Palin (R – Alaska)
– Michele Bachmann (R – Minn)
– Cathy McMorris Rodgers (R – Wash)
Female Politicians list: Summary
1. The United States has never elected a female president
2. There are currently 107 women in Congress, and there have been more than 350 in total
3. Women make up only 20% of the US Senate
4. In 2017, after years of trying to get legislation passed, the Equal Rights Amendment was finally ratified by three-fourths of state legislatures (38 out of 50) and is now part of the Constitution
5. Victoria Woodhull was nominated by a group called The Equal Rights Party in 1872 to become U.S. president against Ulysses S Grant, even though she wouldn’t be able to vote for herself since women didn’t get suffrage until 1920
6. In 2007, Hillary Clinton was the first woman to win a presidential primary, and she came close to becoming the nominee in 2008
7. Sarah Palin was the first woman on a major party’s vice-presidential ticket in 2008
8. In 2016, Carly Fiorina and Hillary Clinton were the only women who ran for president themselves (and Elizabeth Warren endorsed Clinton once Bernie Sanders dropped out)
9. Michelle Obama has been an important advocate for women during her husband’s presidency – she launched Let’s Move!, an initiative directed at ending childhood obesity within a generation; created the Joining Forces program with Jill Biden to support veterans’ families; started an initiative called Reach Higher which encourages all students to pursue higher education; and helped launch Let Girls Learn to give adolescent girls around the world access to education
10. Kellyanne Conway is the first woman to run a successful presidential campaign as a Republican – she served as Donald Trump’s 2016 campaign manager
11. Hillary Clinton has the distinction of being the first (and, so far, only) First Lady who had an office in West Wing (she was also the only FLOTUS with her own press secretary); Michelle Obama chose not to have one
12. The 2016 election gave no party an advantage in terms of women in Congress; both Democrats and Republicans gained female representatives (for example, Marsha Blackburn was elected in Tennessee), but Republicans kept control of both houses
13. Nancy Pelosi has been the House Minority Leader since 2011, and she had previously served as Speaker of the House from 2007 to 2011 – she’s also currently the highest-ranking female politician in American history
14. Kirsten Gillibrand is a leading voice for women in politics – she had advocated on behalf of sexual assault survivors after being appointed by then-governor David Paterson to fill Hillary Clinton’s term when Clinton became Secretary of State; fought for legislation that would have made it illegal for members of Congress to trade stock based on insider information they receive because they are public servants; vocally supports equal pay for equal work
15. Kamala Harris was elected California’s first female attorney general in 2010
16. Republican Joni Ernst was elected in Iowa in 2014 and is the first female combat veteran to serve in the Senate; she’s also known for talking about castrating pigs when she ran for office, so people started calling her “The pig-castrator from Iowa.” She has worked with Democrats on legislation involving sexual assault victims
17. The youngest woman ever elected to Congress is Elise Stefanik, who was 29 when she won a seat in New York’s 21st congressional district
18. And the only Asian American women currently serving in either chamber of Congress are Colleen Hanabusa (D-HI), Tulsi Gabbard (D-HI), and Meng Na (R-NY). Catherine Cortez Masto (D-NV) is the first Latina to serve in the U.S. Senate
19. The total number of women serving in Congress is 105, with 85 Democrats and 20 Republicans; 4 women senators are not up for re-election this year (3 Republicans and 1 Democrat): Susan Collins (R-ME), Shelley Moore Capito (R-WV), Deb Fischer (R-NE) and Amy Klobuchar (DFL – MN); Maria Cantwell (D-WA) was just reelected too
20. Tammy Duckworth became Senator Tammy Duckworth in 2016 after serving two terms as Illinois’ representative for District 8; she’s also one of 10 veterans currently serving in the Senate, which is a record
21. Democratic Senator Barbara Mikulski was the longest-serving female senator in history – her decision not to run for re-election in 2016 means that
22. The longest-serving woman in the House of Representatives is Marcy Kaptur, who currently represents Ohio’s 9th congressional district; she began her service in 1983 and has served with 29 different people, 14 of the men. She calls herself “Madam Speaker” when chairing committees, so I asked my Twitter friends if they knew why. Unsurprisingly, most didn’t have an answer (the ones that did were mostly Iowa State students). So I looked into it myself: Kaptur uses this name to reference the fact that she’s the only woman who had presided over the House, specifically in 2009 when Barack Obama was sworn into office
23. Kaptur is one of 11 women currently serving as ranking members of committees, which means that they are responsible for managing legislation or conducting oversight of federal agencies. Every committee has at least one, and there are three committees (Ways and Means, Appropriations and Financial Services) that have four female ranking members: Maxine Waters (D-CA), Sander Levin (D-MI), Nita Lowey (D-NY), and Diane Black (R-TN); if you count Debbie Wasserman Schultz (FL – Democratic National Committee Chair), there are actually seven women who serve on these three committees
24. The number of women serving in state legislatures is 24.8%; the total number of female legislators nationwide is 6,107. There are 25 female governors right now, which means that 20% are women . 30 states have women governors at the moment – out of these, 12 have never had a woman governor before. New Hampshire has elected the most female governors with 5 (all five were Republicans), closely followed by Arizona with 4 (3 Democrats and 1 Republican)
25. States where women hold more than half of all legislative seats are Colorado, Vermont, and Nevada; the other tier includes Michigan (39% female representation), Oklahoma (37%), and California (33%)
26. The 2017 Senate had six women of color, all Democrats: Harris (D-CA), Cortez Masto (D-NV), Duckworth (D-IL), Espaillat (NPP – NY), Norton (D-DC), and Watson Coleman (D-NJ); Tammy Baldwin was the first openly gay person to be elected to Congress in 1998 when she won a seat in Wisconsin’s second congressional district; Mazie Hirono was elected in 2006 and became both the first Asian American woman and the first Buddhist in the Senate when she won her seat in 2012; Catherine Cortez Masto will become Nevada’s next senator on 3rd 2017 after winning Harry Reid’s vacated seat, which means that there are currently only two white women in the Senate
27. The highest number of women serving simultaneously in the House was 73 during the 111th Congress, from 2009-2011; currently, there are 65 women in office. This record number happened again during the 114th Congress after 24 new women were elected between 2012 and 2014. 35. Currently, 115 female representatives have served in congress, with the first being Winnifred Mason Huck of Illinois, who was elected in 1922
28. The most women serving in one Congress was in 1992-1994 when 101 female representatives were in office
29. The Senate has never had more than 17 women at any one time, and in 2017, there were 21. There have only been two female senators from Alabama: Jeannette Rankin (1917-1919) – the first woman to be elected to the House of Representatives Barbara Boxer (1993-2017) 38. On February 28th, 2017, 52% of all Democratic congresswomen will be people of color. 89% will be white men