The Supreme Court is the highest judicial body in the United States. The U.S Supreme court’s yearly term began on October 7, 2019, and ended on October 7, 2020. During this term, the Court proceeded with 63 religious, social, political, abortion, and immigration cases in the middle of the Corona pandemic.
Trump Tax Returns
The U.S Supreme court released the proclamation about the Trump financial records on July 9, 2020. The Court considered the case because President Trump has denied releasing his tax returns for five years, questioning his financial transparency. Now the Supreme Court heard oral arguments and decided that Trump has no right to halt his financial record release.
The Court referred the case to lower courts instead of Congress. The Court also ordered not to release the records before the presidential elections; however, Trump can not hide his financial details from prosecutors. The decision was written by the Chief justice and ruled by 7-2 votes.
Religious school scholarships
According to the Court’s verdict issued on January 22, 2020, the students of religious institutions will have the same right to funding as other private schools.
The program was proposed by Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, who called the decree a historic victory. The Court also ordered the continuation of the Montana scholarship program to Religious schools as private schools by 5-2 votes.
Consumer Finance Protection Bureau supreme court case
The Supreme Court proceeded with the case regarding the Consumer Finance Protection Bureau’s head on June 29, 2020.
The case was carried to the Supreme Court after the Congress restriction on the President that he could remove the Director only in case of inefficiency and negligence.
The Supreme Court released its decision by 5-4 votes. The decision written by Chief Justice John Roberts declared that Congress could not interfere with presidential power to remove the agency’s Director.
Eastern Oklahoma case
The Supreme court resolved the eastern Oklahoma case on July 9, 2020. The Supreme Court declared east Oklahoma as a part of native America by 5-4 votes. The Court was headed by Justice Gorsuch, who wrote the decision, and four justices joined the decision.
The issue was raised by a native American, Jimcy McGirt, who was detained in a child sex case. He raised a question in Court that if he did the crime on native land, how could he be answerable to state court?
Children immigration case
The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court headed the issue of Obama’s children’s immigration policy. The policy protected about 700.000 children by giving them a work permit.
But now, President Trump challenged the system, declaring it illegal. While the Supreme Court rejected the Trump claim by ruling 5-4 votes saying that Trump has not provided any justification.
Important cases scheduled at the United States Supreme Court in 2021
Affordable Care Act case
In 2018 several American states and two individuals filed a lawsuit for overturning Obama’s Affordable Care Act. They argued that the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act made the A.C.A.’s individual mandate unconstitutional, which invalidated the A.C.A.
In November 2020, the U.S. supreme court heard oral arguments regarding an individual’s mandate’s constitutionality. However, the Supreme Court will issue the decision before ending its term in June 2021.
Arizona ballot harvesting law case
In January 2020, a federal court of appeal ruled a case to abolish the Arizona ballot harvesting law. The law bars anyone except the family member from returning another person’s early election ballot.
According to the court, the law violates the Voting Rights Act, and it discriminates against minorities. However, the Supreme Court hearing was delayed until the death of justice, Ruth Bader Ginsburg. Now, eight supreme court justices agreed to hear the Arizona case, and the Supreme Court decided to review Arizona law on March 2, 2021
Albence v. Guzman Chave case
The case, filed by a group of immigrants, is scheduled for arguments before the Supreme Court on January 11, 2011.
The lawsuit concerns the detention of immigrants by the U.S. government after reinstated removal order. According to the case, immigrants awaiting deportation could get acquittal by immigration judges under 8 U.S.C. 1226. However, the government argued that 8 U.S.C. 1231 allows the government to detain such immigrants.
Sierra Club v. Trump case
U.S. Supreme Court decided to hear Trump’s border wall case after Inauguration Day in 2021. The litigation, Sierra Club v. Trump was filed by the American Civil Liberties Union in 2019 to stop border wall construction.
The case was filed after congress rejected providing border wall funding, and Trump moved to military funds. Lower courts have already ruled the case, but the Supreme court rejected the ACLU claims in September 2020. Now Supreme Court decided to pursue the case in 2021.
B.P. P.L.C. v. Mayor and City Council of Baltimore case
The case, filed by the Mayor and City Council of Baltimore, is scheduled for arguments before the Supreme Court on January 19, 2021. The lawsuit was filed against the 26 multinational oil and gas companies operating in Baltimore.
According to litigation, these firms contribute to the climate crisis and causing damage to Baltimore by using fossil fuels. Two of these companies removed the case to federal courts; however, the district court moved the case back to state court.