List of Religions in the World: Significant Beliefs and Backgrounds

This article will go over a list of religions in the world, including their beliefs and background. We’ll start with Christianity, which is the most popular religion in the world. A Christian believes that Jesus Christ was sent to Earth by God to die for humanity’s sins so they could be forgiven and live eternally with him. There are two types of Christians: Catholic or Protestant.

List of Religions in the World


Christianity is one of the oldest religions that exist today. It has many different branches and denominations which offer a wide range of beliefs and practices for followers to choose from. Christians believe in Jesus, who was born as God’s son, died on the cross for humanity’s sins, and rose again after three days so he could lead all people to heaven when they die.

Jehovah’s Witnesses

Jehovah’s Witnesses are Christians who follow what they call “the Bible truth.” They hold strong beliefs about following God’s commands through his word, the Bible.

They believe that Jesus is God’s son and a being who has always existed with God, not an actual god himself. This list of beliefs includes avoiding all blood products and following the Bible’s truth in every way possible through their actions and practices.


The Mormon church believes that multiple accounts of Jesus’ life exist on Earth. While many Christians focus on Christ’s death to atone for humanity’s sins, Mormons also consider his birth vital because he was born sinless from a virgin mother.

Mormonism says there are three kingdoms or levels after death where people reside based on whether they followed Christ-like principles during their lives.


Catholics hold several strong beliefs about Mary, Mother of Christ.

They believe that she was conceived without sin, making her free from sin and giving birth to Jesus, who is God’s son on Earth. Catholics pray for Mary often to ask her help with various aspects of their lives.-


Protestantism has several branches within its umbrella group, but they share many central beliefs that are not held by other Christian denominations.

A list of these principles includes the rejection of Papal authority over church matters, a belief in salvation through faith alone rather than works or good deeds done while alive, and justification by grace instead of trying to earn it themselves.:


Islam is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion articulated by the Quran, a text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God (Allah) and as revealed to Muhammad.

The Indian subcontinent, which includes India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Bhutan, has historically been home to several significant Muslim populations. The terms Islam, Muslim, and Indian Muslim accordingly have various meanings in the contemporary context.

Islam refers to either: (a) the religion of Islam; or (b) an adherent of Islam; or (c) a follower of Western popular culture that may draw upon some Islamic traditions.

Muslim means: (a) any person who follows or adheres to Islam; or (b) a member of a believer community with which you share history and culture.

Indian Muslim is any citizen, native, of India whose family has lived there for many generations and practices Islam.


Hinduism is defined as a religious tradition based on the Vedas, especially the Upanishads.

It is one of the world’s oldest religions and has roots in India. It is related to other Eastern religions like Buddhism and Jainism.

Hinduism is a broad tradition of philosophy and folklore, with monotheism, polytheism, panentheism, pantheism, pandeism, monistic theism, and agnosticism.


Buddhism is a religion belonging to the Eastern Asian cultural sphere. It includes aspects of Indian culture as well as indigenous East Asian culture. Brahminism influenced Buddhism in its early development, but it differs in its origin, practices, and beliefs. Buddhism is a teaching based on the experience of enlightenment gained by Siddharta Gautama during deep meditation, which was later recorded in writing.

Buddhism is a set of teachings and practices that reconcile humanity with the natural world. It is not an ideology but a collection of insights into life’s most meaningful questions arising from direct observation and human existence.


The term Judaism refers to the religion, philosophy, way of life, and practices associated with Jews. It is an ethnoreligious group that emerged in the Levant between 1800 and 1700 BCE.

They believe in one God who created all living things, which he governs through divine law. This law includes prohibitions against worshipping idols or people other than God himself, cooking milk or pork fat, smoking, or planting two different seed types in one bed.

Judaism is one of the oldest monotheistic religions in existence. It took its current shape around 698 BCE during the reforms of King Josiah of Judah.

Monotheistic Judaism spread throughout the Levant, North Africa, and southern Europe, with Jewish diaspora communities worldwide developing new traditions that gradually became modern Rabbinical Judaism. At the same time, Christianity branched off to become its separate religion.


Sikhism is a religion that originated from the Punjab region of South Asia. The religion has two main traditions: Hindu and Muslim. Sikhism teaches that there is one God; i.e., God is formless, and no one can be said to exist without Him.

The Sikhs believe in karma, which is defined as: “the law of moral cause and effect.” This means that an individual’s thoughts and actions will either reap or suffer due to their evil or good deeds, respectively, at some point in the future.

List of religions in the world: Lesser Known


Zoroastrianism is a religion and philosophy based on the teachings of Zoroaster, a prophet who lived in ancient Persia approximately 1800 years before the time of Jesus Christ.

Zoroaster’s ideas, which were recorded in a series of texts called the Avesta, form a uniquely Iranian religion that has significantly impacted other faiths. The religion also has an active presence in India, where it arrived after the Islamic conquest of Persia.


Jainism is a religion that is based upon the teachings of Mahavira. It was founded in India on the Indian subcontinent around 500 BCE.

The Jain philosophy of Anekantavada or “Non-one pointedness” is based upon the metaphysical premise that reality exists independently of individual perceiving minds.

It has over 5 million followers living predominantly in India and the United States. The vast majority of its adherents are ethnic Indians (~98%). It is an Indian religion that has no connection to Judaism, Islam, Christianity, Zoroastrianism, or Buddhism despite their claims to the contrary.


Baha’i, also called the Bahai Faith, is an independent world religion with roots in Islam. Its emphasis on social reform characterizes Baha’i according to the principle that society must undergo progressive change.

The Baha’i Faith emerged as a sect of Islam in the mid-19th century. She claimed to be the fastest-growing religion globally, with an estimated 5 million adherents around the globe.

The earliest history of Baha’i traces back to 1844 when a Persian nobleman and spiritualist, Mirza Husayn Ali Nuri, claimed he received divine inspiration from God, revealing himself as “Baha’u’llah” (Arabic: “Glory of God”) and began preaching his message of reform based on social principles advocated by Gandhi for all religions. After being banished several times by Islamic authorities, he died under house arrest in Palestine in 1892.

According to his teachings, Baha’is believe that humanity is one race and that the time has come for unity. The Baha’i Faith teaches that all major religions have truths, which science can confirm and go beyond them to provide a unifying vision of how the world must work together.


Shintoism is the native belief system of Japan, establishing its identity with the divine.

Shinto (聖敎) or kami-no-Michi (神の道), literally “the way of the gods,” is the indigenous religion of Japan. A member of one can be conventionally called a Shintoist, or Japanese might refer to them as Shintokyo, which means “a person who worships god” in Japanese.

It’s considered more than just a religion; it encompasses more aspects but notably includes spirituality and action in daily life, righting wrongs and sometimes precisely activities for individual persons of power or skill such as acquiring pure thoughts or deep intellect.


Confucianism is a philosophical school of thought that originated in China (Kong Fuzi). It is based on the teachings of Confucius, who was one of the most excellent teachers in ancient China.

The teachings of Confucius are described in the Analects, one of the most widely known works of Chinese philosophy. It promotes personal cultivation and ethical, social relationships for both public and private life.

Confucianism has played an enormous role in developing the moral code that governs behavior among citizens of China; it was introduced into Korea sometime before 500 B.C., during which time it made its influence felt on Korean literature.

It also contributed to Japan’s educational system (it was introduced into Japan by scholars returning from China during the Han period). Later, Buddhist thought became more influential than Confucianism in Japanese culture; however, some Neo-Confucians sought to revive or purify Confucian values after centuries of Confucius was the first to create a system of ethics that does not depend on religion.


Taoism is a religion that focuses on the Tao, which it describes as the source and driving force behind everything that exists. It teaches that by living in harmony with the Tao, one can attain a natural state of happiness.

The Tao, according to Taoism, is unnameable and can not be described. It has no form or function because every shape would prevent the flow of pure chi energy which it contains.

Taoist belief states that by mastering this energy through specific methods (which vary depending on the sect), one may achieve immortality and influence over natural events. The idea of physical immortality differs significantly between sects though all agree that there are four worlds, each with five elements:

Heaven, Earth, Harmonic Ch’i, Turbid Chi’i, and Human Chi’. These elements supposedly correspond with sections of our bodies too. There’s an element in the eyes, liver, hands, etc.


An indigenous Japanese religion founded by Tanaka Chigaku in the 19th century is a highly controversial faith. It was one of many religions that led to Japan’s increased militarization at that time, and its leader eventually became a nationalistic symbol for ultra-conservatives during WWII.


This list of religions in the world is not exhaustive. We’ll go over more faiths soon, but there are still countless other religious groups present today! Whether you’re interested in learning about them or just curious about what they believe, it can be worthwhile finding out exactly where these ideas come from and how they started being practiced worldwide.


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