The U.S.-Mexico border is the boundary between two neighboring countries that share a complex history. Us Mexico border stretches for 1,900 miles and has been marked by conflict, economic tension, and human smuggling since its establishment in 1848. This blog post will dispel the myths and explore Mexico’s border security and our policy to see where these factors intersect to better understand how they shape our understanding of the Mexico border today.
Dispelling the myths
When Mexican immigrants move to the United States to make a better life for themselves, they sometimes look up to their American counterparts. The media is often criticized for portraying Mexicans as lazy and violent, making it difficult to assimilate into society. These stereotypes are not only hurtful but false.
Mexicans are hardworking people who spend hours at work each day to provide for their families. In Mexico, a saying states, “The one who doesn’t eat today eats tomorrow”; this means that these people know that you have to work to survive, so they do what they need to do. When Mexicans come here, they might face discrimination due to their citizenship status or even the color of their skin, but they definitely do not let that get in their way. They continue to work hard, sometimes doing several jobs at once to have a better life and provide for their families.
In terms of crime, statistics from U.S Customs and Border Protection show that Mexican immigrants are less likely than American citizens to commit criminal offenses. A study conducted by the University of California-Irvine shows that first-generation immigrants, in particular, tend to have lower imprisonment rates than second or third-generation Americans. These facts support the concept that Mexicans are not criminals nor the “bad people” some media portray them as; instead, they are hardworking and honorable individuals who deserve nothing but respect.
Why immigration exists
Millions of Mexican immigrants have migrated to the USA due to economic opportunities and to escape gang violence. The Mexican people come from a society where they value family, so it becomes hard for them when they are away. One advantage of migrating is that Mexican immigrants can have access to better jobs and education. However, many Mexican immigrants have trouble adjusting to the American job market because of their poor language skills and lack of a college degree. There are also cases when they work under harsh conditions for low pay.
Not only that, but immigration can cause a number of other negative effects
– People who are in the country illegally don’t have to follow the same laws as citizens
– They often get access to social services and drivers licenses, which they shouldn’t be eligible for
– They take jobs from American people, and that hurts them because they need those jobs to survive
– Illegal immigrants make it more difficult for Americans to find housing because landlords rent apartments or homes out at a higher cost.
People in the country illegally often don’t pay taxes and put a strain on hospitals, schools, etc., which taxpayers fund.
– A lot of times, people who are not citizens come here to get free money/resources from the government
– They take up hospital beds that could be used for American citizens
– Illegal immigrants can live next to someone without them knowing or worry about being robbed because they have no way of protecting themselves since they may not have legal status.
For the past two years, there has been an apparent increase in the number and proportion of unaccompanied children that have arrived at the U.S. Mexican border. The UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHRC) estimates that at of the end of August 2014, there are about 78200 unaccompanied minors in Mexico trying to cross over into America. There is a large difficulty in estimating how many of these unaccompanied minors are actually making it across.
The UNHRC has issued a statement saying that they have “serious concerns” about life-threatening risks to those unaccompanied children who remain in Mexico pending their asylum claims in United States courts.
According to the UNHRC and other humanitarian organizations, there is no safe way for the children to move across Mexico.
You can pay a coyote thousands of dollars and walk across the desert for days through barbed wire fences, or you can take a nice comfortable bus. This latter option is quite popular with African migrants.
Every week dozens of Sub-Saharan Africans come to Nuevo Laredo, Mexico, on their way to what is called “El Norte.” The journey lasts weeks or months, but the destination is always ‘The North.’ They cross several countries before arriving at the Mexican border, packed like sardines in small buses that would normally carry 40 people. It’s not unusual for these busses to carry 70 or more passengers, including children.
They believe that everything will be fine as long as they follow the rules: don’t talk to strangers, accept food or drinks from strangers, and always obey your coyote. Unfortunately for them, the rules they abide by are referring only to the desert because everything changes once you cross the Rio Grande. The coyotes become smugglers.
U.S Border policy
Over the course of our Mexico border history, U.S. government policy has consistently attempted to curb illegal immigration and human smuggling with varying degrees of success. In 1875, Congress passed a bill requiring Chinese immigrants to carry documentation while in the United States-an attempt to curtail those who evaded laws prohibiting their entrance into America by posing as “paper sons” (immigrants whose true identity was cloaked under that of another).
Us Mexico Border Enforcement Security Task Force is an interagency program to combat transnational crime along both sides of the Mexico border and beyond its limits through information sharing between federal agencies on data collection tactics like Operation BACCHUS II. (2005) This task force is an example of us Mexico’s border security policy.
In 2005, Operation BACCHUS II began with raids in Puerto Penasco and Caborca on Mexican soil. A legal assertion has always been up for debate along with our Mexico border history. The operation resulted in early morning arrests of many undocumented immigrants living near these regions within hours by U.S.-led immigration forces. (2005) This is another example of our Mexico border security policy as it shows how both countries coordinate to control their borders effectively through cooperation
The Mérida Initiative was established under President Obama’s administration to combat drug cartel violence along with us Mexico border territories-which saw its rise dramatically during the Calderón administration.
The Mexico border security policy has been criticized for being too passive in its approach to us Mexico border enforcement, and the Mérida Initiative was no exception. While it represented a step forward, commentators noted that Mexico border security did not do enough to address cartel violence on both sides of the Mexican border. (2012) This is an example of how us government policy favors less direct solutions towards illegal immigration as well as drug trafficking along with us Mexico border
In 2000, Congress passed the Intelligence Reform Act, which included section 102(b)(15), otherwise known as “Real ID” -a piece of legislation that would prohibit states from giving driver licenses or state IDs to undocumented immigrants living in us, which ultimately became a point of contention along with us Mexico border history.
This us Mexico border security policy, was met with harsh criticism from immigrant rights groups who felt it imposed discriminatory laws against immigrants in states where they had full citizenship and voting rights. (2003) This is an example of how government policy can be seen as restrictive to those residing within its borders.
The number one reason why people immigrate from their home countries is due to poverty
If we want less immigration into our country, we should focus on making our world better by reducing poverty globally. Until then, our government policy should consider making it easier for people to immigrate legally into the United States.
This is an example of how immigration reform would benefit our country instead of creating more challenges along the border. How can we have fewer illegal immigrants if they don’t come here? They will not risk their lives by crossing a desert or through other dangerous means when all they want is just a better life! We need to stop spending so much money on suppressing these people and start looking at ways to allow them in as legal residents. This will make everyone’s life easier because there won’t be any criminals trying to cross over illegally every day, which leaves both countries safer from crime and creates harmony between citizens.