Introduction – World No Tobacco Day
On Wednesday, November 16th, 2021, World No Tobacco Day will commemorate when more than 50 countries signed a convention on tobacco control.
This year’s theme is “Tobacco Free Kids,” which prevents tobacco use among young people. It supports the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) to reduce tobacco consumption worldwide.
The WHO FCTC sets out guidelines for reducing public exposure to second-hand smoke and controlling tobacco consumption. These include: banning all forms of tobacco advertising; putting health warning messages on cigarette packages; and requiring strict warnings about the dangers of smoking before movies are shown in theatres or other public events.
What is World No Tobacco Day
World No tobacco day is a worldwide awareness event that takes place on the 31st of May every year.
- It was observed for the first time in 1987, and since then, it has grown into a worldwide observance, with more than 190 countries now observing this day.
- The theme for World No Tobacco Day 2017 was “Tobacco – a threat to development.”
In 2016, there were 1.1 billion smokers around the world. This number includes children and teenagers smoking at an alarming rate, especially in developing countries where tobacco companies spend as much as $2 million per hour advertising their products.
The world is now home to more than one billion smokers, and this number continues to rise. In the last decade alone, smoking rates have increased by an average of three percent per year in developing countries.
As a result of tobacco use, approximately six thousand lives are lost each day due to lung cancer or other diseases caused by cigarette smoke.
Women and children are especially vulnerable to the negative effects of smoking. They have a slower metabolism than men, which means that nicotine tends to stay in their bodies longer. This increases their risk for heart disease and lung cancer.
What Events take place on World No Tobacco Day
In the United States, an estimated 480,000 people die each year from tobacco-related illnesses.
This is about one in five deaths. More than 37 million smokers continue to smoke despite knowing that it causes many serious health problems, including lung cancer, chronic lung disease, heart attacks, and strokes.
Tobacco is a plant (Nicotiana tabacum) that is native to North and South America. It was introduced into Europe in the 16th century by European settlement and has since become one of the most heavily used addictive substances on Earth.
The tobacco industry is one of the world’s largest industries. In 2005, it was estimated to have generated about US$400 billion in profits for cigarette companies and US$24 billion for cigar and pipe tobacco companies.
Why world no tobacco day is necessary
Tobacco use leads most commonly to diseases that are usually fatal: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lung cancer, various other cancers. Other potential adverse effects include atherosclerosis, peripheral vascular disease, peptic ulcer, emphysema, various psychiatric and cognitive disorders.
The tobacco industry in the United States is an oligopoly with only four companies – Altria Group Inc., Reynolds American Inc., Lorillard Tobacco Company, and Commonwealth Brands Inc.
How many Smokers are in the U.S
In 2004 there were 264 million smokers in the U.S.
More than 37 million Americans smoke cigarettes despite knowing that it causes many serious health problems, including lung cancer, chronic lung disease, heart attacks, strokes, etc… The smoking rate for adults has declined from 41% to 33%. However, nicotine addiction remains a public health problem as one-third of high school students have reported trying cigarettes before they graduate; moreover, cigarette advertising is twice as prevalent among African Americans than other races or ethnicities, and tobacco companies spend as much as $480 million per year in advertising to African Americans alone.
The History of Tobacco
The earliest known records of smoking come from ancient Sumer, a common custom among people of all levels of society.
In the middle ages, there were many restrictions on its use, including prohibition at certain times or places; limitations on who could buy it; public condemnation by preachers; even bans on particular methods such as pipes that were seen as undesirable created smoke rather than chewing.
However, despite these efforts, smoking continued to be widespread across Europe, with an estimated sixteenth-century male smoker outnumbering non-smokers by four to one. With time restrictions were eased, new techniques emerged, allowing for more intense inhalation, and filters were first used to minimize the effects of tobacco smoke.
The industrial revolution led to increased production of cigarettes, which could be mass-produced, packaged in decorative cartons, and marketed aggressively outside conventional channels, including movies and magazines.
A huge rise followed lung cancer rates and other diseases caused by smoking, such as bronchitis, emphysema, and coronary artery disease. The dangers became known with research demonstrating that 90% of smokers will die prematurely due to their addiction.
Historically there has been much controversy over advertising: some have argued for its restriction while others claim it is an important part of free speech – therefore protected under U.S law since 1964’s “I am a smoker” advertisement.
There are also various other methods to help people quit, from nicotine gum and patches which deliver nicotine but not tobacco smoke; to smoking cessation clinics where behavioral techniques can be used in addition to medication such as Zyban or Champix – these have been proven effective by the National Cancer Institute. However, the most popular is still cold turkey, with an estimated success rate of around 50%.